Ministry of Agriculture

Apiculture Factsheet #004

Registered Drugs and Chemicals in Beekeeping

Drugs and control products registered in Canada for use in live honeybee colonies and equipment:

Material  Trade Name Formulation Disease
Amitraz Apivar impregnated strip Varroa
Fluvalinate Apistan impregnated strip Varroa
Formic acid n.a. 60% v/v liquid Varroa & Tracheal
Formic acid  MAQS gel strips Varroa & Tracheal
Formic acid MiteGone impregnated substrate Varroa & Tracheal
Fumagillin Fumagilin-B antibiotic powder Nosema
Menthol n.a. crystals Tracheal
Oxalic acid n.a. fumigant or liquid Varroa
Oxytetracycline hydrochloride Oxytet (Terramycin) antibiotic powder AFB, EFB
Thyme oil Thymovar impregnated wafer Varroa
Tylosin Tylan antibiotic powder AFB, EFB

Most of these products can be purchased at Beekeeping Supply outlets. Veterinarians, farm supply stores and pharmacies have dispensing licenses for antibiotics and often have medication in stock.

Please Note:  Chemicals and Antibiotic should NOT be used prophylactically (i.e. as a preventative measure). Use only when disease has been detected or confirmed in other colonies of the apiary or in a nearby apiary.

Minimize use of antibiotic drug use to reduce the risk of developing antibiotic-resistant American Foulbrood (r-AFB).

Apply antibiotic according to label instructions and do not use when the expiry date.

Store chemicals and drugs in a cool dry place away from light. Dispose of used strips in garbage for landfill.

Varroa mites have developed resistance to Apistan in some parts of B.C.  To reduce the risk of resistance, alternate between different mite control products.

Test colonies for mite levels first, BEFORE applying mite control chemicals. DO NOT use mite controls as a preventative measure. Check for mite drop AFTER treatment to confirm that mite controls have been effective.

ALWAYS CHECK LABEL INSTRUCTIONS for storage, safe handling, application and disposal.

DO NOT use non-registered pesticides, formulations and drugs in colonies because of the danger of honey and wax contamination. Non-registered products may also be hazardous to you and others.

For additional information about drugs and chemicals, please visit the Ministry of Agriculture website or contact the Apiculture office (604-556-3129).